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Journal Highlights October 2019

Journals

08 November 2019

SCI’s peer-reviewed journals provide research studies and commentary articles from leading scientists in emerging areas. Their work addresses global audiences by crossing academic, industrial, government and science policy sectors.

Here are some of the highlights from the October 2019 issues of our journals. To view the full range of SCI’s journals, our publications page.

Developing cost effective fluoride removal materials

Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology DOI:10.1002/jctb.6170

drinking water

Drinking water contaminated by fluoride is becoming a serious global environmental problem. It is a particularly serious issue in some remote mountainous and rural areas, owing to lack of technology and relatively low environmental awareness of people. An increased intake of fluoride results in health issues such as cancer and skeletal fluorosis.
Developing effective fluoride removal techniques has become an urgent requirement. Using rare earth elements as adsorbents, due to their high electrical affinities for fluoride ions, has generated a lot of interest, but the high cost makes the use of such elements unsuitable. Research is now aimed at finding methods which can sharply reduce the cost of rare earth-based adsorbents.

The impact of storage conditions on the health benefits of Kiwifruit

Journal of Science Food and Agriculture DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.9823

Kiwi fruit

Kiwifruit are well known for being nutrient dense and good for health. A yellow fleshed cultivar, introduced in 2008, has a number of interesting features such as good taste and nutritional quality traits. However the variety Soreli is not suitable for long-term storage. Researchers found that this cultivar displayed different physico-chemical and nutraceutical behaviours correlated to storage temperatures and ozone post harvest treatments.  

Making biomass a sustainable feedstock

Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining DOI: 10.1002/bbb.2048

environment

In agricultural economies, such as South America, disposal of the growing volumes of farming waste is an important issue. Solid residues can be treated by incineration or composting, both of which give rise to greenhouse gases. With South America’s agricultural biomass residues set to increase, reaching more than 900 million tonnes by 2025, implementation of sustainable ways in which to bio-transform the lignocellulosic biomass into useful bio molecules still has a long way to go.

 

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